Understanding a Constitution
A constitution is a system for government which defines the fundamental political principles, and establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of a government. The term constitution can be applied to any overall law that defines the functioning of a government.
Constitution of the United States of America
The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. It provides the framework for the organization of the United States Government. It also reserves numerous rights for the individual states, thereby establishing the United States’ federal system of government. The way the Constitution is understood is also influenced by the decisions of the court system, and especially the Supreme Court. These decisions are referred to, collectively, as precedents.
Constitution in Europe
The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE), commonly referred to as the European Constitution, was an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. It was signed in 2004 by representatives of the then 25 member states of the European Union and needed to be ratified by all member states to enter into force. 13 member states completed the ratification procedure, but the rejection of the Constitution by French and Dutch voters in May and June 2005, called the future of the Constitution into question. In light of these developments three member states, Finland, Germany and Slovakia, abandoned their partially complete ratification procedures and a further seven member states indefinitely postponed consideration.
Following the period of reflection, the European Council meeting in June 2007 decided to start negotiations on a Reform Treaty as a replacement and from this date the Treaty for Constitution for Europe still needs to be finalized.
Constitution of Pakistan
The Constitution of Pakistan is the supreme law of Pakistan. There have been several documents known as the Constitution of Pakistan. The Constitution of 1973 is the existing constitution, which provides for a parliamentary system with a President as head of state and popularly elected Prime Minister as head of government.
The Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Act, 2003 was an amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan passed in December 2003 according to which the President regains the authority to dissolve the National Assembly and dismiss the Pakistani Prime Minister, but the power to do so is made subject to an approval or veto by the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
Role of a Constitution
Please discuss the role of a constitution today and what you believe should be included in a global constitution that can be applicable to all countries of the world. Please state the exact categories that the constitution should cover and your suggested framework for its implementation in all countries.